An anal carcinoma is a malignant tumor of the anal canal. This is the outer end of the colon, which extends from the skin of the anal verge to the rectum. The so-called basaloid carcinomas are often found above the inner border of the anal canal. In the anal canal itself, the so-called squamous cell carcinomas can arise and the anal margin tumors, which often also occur as squamous cell carcinomas or much less frequently as adenocarcinomas. The anal margin tumors are localized to the border of the external skin. Approximately two thirds of all anal carcinomas are squamous cell carcinomas.
Endometrial carcinoma is also colloquially called uterine cancer and refers to the malignant tumor that originates from the inner mucosal layer of the uterus. Uterine cancer is among the most common malignant (malignant) cancers of the genital tract in women. The average age at which endometrial cancer is diagnosed is between 65 and 70 years.
The term "intestinal parasites" refers to various microorganisms that can cause diseases in the gastrointestinal tract and in the anal region. The small intestinal parasites include Giardia lamblia and enterobiasis (pinworms). In addition, the intestinal parasites include aemobia, tapeworms and threadworms as well as whipworms, roundworms and hookworms.
Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity is a tumour that can occur anywhere in the oral cavity, but usually originates from the uppermost cell layer of the oral mucosa. Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity accounts for 5.6 percent of all malignant tumor cases. This puts it in sixth place among all tumor diseases, and men are statistically more likely to develop the disease.
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is also colloquially known as bile duct carcinoma and describes a malignant cancer of the bile duct mucosa. The bile ducts provide a connection between the liver and the duodenum. Tumors can occur both inside (intrahepatic cholagiocarcinoma, less common) and outside the bile ducts (extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, more common), which resemble a river course. Cholagiocarcinoma is difficult to diagnose and is therefore almost only detected at an advanced stage, making the cancer almost incurable. However, it is among a rather rare cancer that accounts for about 3 percent of all gastrointestinal tumors. Cholangiocarcinoma usually only occurs with increasing age and is rather rare before the age of 40.
The term "carcinoma" comes from the Latin word "carcinoma" and means "cancer". Accordingly, a carcinoma is a malignant (malignant) disease that develops from the mucosal cells (epithelial cells) and does not have to be localized to the site of origin, but can also spread to other parts of the body by metastasis.
The term non-Hodgkin's lymphoma stands for various malignant cancers (malignant) of the lymphatic system and is often also referred to as "malignant lymphoma", which means "malignant lymph node tumour". Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas originate from cells of the lymphatic system and develop when the genetic material of the cells of the lymphatic system (lymphocytes) changes. B lymphocytes are responsible for this change in 90 percent of all cases and T lymphocytes in 10 percent of all cases. Since lymphatic tissue is found throughout the human body, the disease non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is not localized. Although the lymph nodes are affected more frequently than average, the cancer can also affect the lungs, liver, bone marrow or spleen, especially in advanced stages. In contrast to other types of cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas occur relatively rarely. Every year, about 9,200 men with an average age of 70 and about 8,000 women with an average age of 72 are diagnosed with the disease in Germany.
A laryngeal carcinoma is also colloquially called laryngeal cancer and describes a malignant growth on the larynx. Laryngeal cancer is one of the most common tumor diseases of the throat area in Germany, affecting mainly men over the age of 50. Depending on where the tumour is located, different symptoms can occur. The location of the tumour also determines the respective form of therapy.
A lingual carcinoma is also colloquially called tongue carcinoma. It is a rare malignant tumour in the tongue area, which mainly affects the rear third of the tongue and even more rarely the front area of the tongue and the undersurface of the tongue. Excessive nicotine or alcohol consumption as well as other orally ingested drugs favour the development of a lingual carcinoma. However, inadequate oral hygiene can also contribute to the development of lingual carcinoma. If lingual carcinoma is detected early, there is a good chance of a cure.
Ovarian cancer is also colloquially called ovarian cancer. It is a malignant tumor of the ovaries, which are located on both sides next to the uterus. Ovarian cancer is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage because the tumor has a relatively large amount of space to spread before it causes symptoms. By this time, the tumor may have already metastasized to the abdominal cavity. The risk of developing ovarian cancer increases with age. Women after menopause are particularly at risk. Ovarian cancer before the age of 40 is relatively rare. In about 50 percent of all cases of ovarian cancer, both ovaries are affected.
Bladder cancer (bladder carcinoma) refers to a malignant cancer that usually originates in the lining of the urinary bladder (urothelium). On average, more men than women develop bladder cancer, with one in five under the age of 65. In the early stages, bladder cancer hardly causes any symptoms, which is why it is often diagnosed late. Doctors are still unclear about the development of bladder cancer, but have been able to identify smoking and age as risk factors. Frequent contact with certain chemicals can also promote the development of bladder cancer.
Thyroid cancer (thyroid carcinoma) is a rather rare cancer that affects about four out of every 100,000 people in Germany every year. Women are affected three times more often than men. However, thyroid carcinoma only becomes noticeable when the tumour has already metastasised. This is what makes thyroid cancer so treacherous. Doctors distinguish between four types of thyroid cancer, three of which offer good chances of cure, while the fourth type is hardly treatable.
1 from 10